Rhyme Of The Ancient Wanderer (Support for Dysthymia, BPD, and Depression)
How it all works ........


Who am I? | What is my story? | Dysthymia, what is it? | Do you have Dysthymia? | Avoidant Personality Disorder, What is it? | Do You Have Avoidant Personality Disorder? | Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), What is it? | Do You Have Borderline Personality Disorder? | What is the DSM-IV? | Axis I | Axis I Mood disorders. | Axis II | Axis II Personality disorders. | Cluster A Paranoid Personality Disorder. | Cluster A Schizoid Personality Disorder. | Cluster A Schizotypal Personality Disorder. | Cluster B Antisocial Personality Disorder. | Cluster B Narcissistic Personality Disorder. | Cluster B Histrionic Personality Disorder. | Cluster B Borderline Personality Disorder. | Cluster C Avoidant Personality Disorder (In Depth) | Cluster C Dependent Personality Disorder | Bipolar Disorder. | Bipolar Disorder Research. | Axis III | Axis IV | Axis V | Psychotropic or Depression Related Medications. | TCAs, SSRIs, and MAOIs. | Elavil, Endep | Buspar | Prozac | Tofranil | Serzone | Zoloft | Wellbutrin; Zyban | Celexa | Luvox | Eskalith; Lithobid | Paxil | Effexor | How it all works ........ | Can experiences in early childhood affect a persons health during adulthood? | Breast or Bottle fed (Can it effect mental health?) | From postnatal to prenatal determinants of development: a shift of a paradigm | What's a Metabolism? | Exercise and Mental Illness | Brain Chemicals. | The Chemistry of Depression | Serotonin, what is it? | What do we really know about Serotonin? | Preteen Ritalin may increase depression | Acetylcholine. | Dopamine. | Depression and Stress. | What foods will increase your serotonin levels naturally? | Can foods alter your mood? | Smart Foods. | How do vitamins help? | What vitamins aid a childs development? | Minerals and Vitamins...a breakdown | Vitamins RDA | Vitamin A | Vitamin B-1 | Vitamin B-2 | Vitamin B-3 | Vitamin B-5 | Vitamin B-6 | Vitamin B-9 | Vitamin B-12 | Vitamin C | Vitamin D | Vitamin E | Vitamin H | Vitamin K | Vitamin P | Amino Acids | Amino acids breakdown | Minerals and your diet | Calcium | Chloride | Magnesium | Phosphorus | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfur | Trace Elements | Drug May Stop Brain Shrinkage. | Depression May Shrink Key Brain Structure | My Hippocampus Is Bigger Than Yours! | Depression and Sexual Desire. | Stop Blaming Yourself | Dealing with chronic depression, a familys perspective. | Dealing with depression in a friend or family member. | When someone you love is depressed | Light at the end of the tunnel | The Page Of Hope. | Guest book. | Guestmap | Chat Page. | Message Board. | Contact Me | Borderline Personality Disorder

The Brain in all of it's beauty....

The saying "use it or lose it" applies to your memory. And your best defense against a memory problem is to stay healthy and fit.


Inquiring Minds Want to Know All

Certain parts of the brain are key contributors in a highly dynamic interaction that gives rise to fear and anxiety. Using brain imaging technologies and neurochemical techniques, scientists are finding that a network of interacting structures is responsible for these emotions. Much research centers on the amygdala, an almond-shaped structure deep within the brain.

Find a memory trick that fits your "type." Some people find it easier to remember things they see; others can best remember things they hear or repeatedly write over and over again. Through trial and error, find out which of these approaches is best for you.

Amygdala(am-ig-duh-luh) A bunch of cells on each side of the brain. The word amygdala is latin for the word almond. That is what the area of cells looks like. This part of the brain is responsible for emotions.

The amygdala is believed to serve as a communications hub between the parts of the brain that process incoming sensory signals and the parts that interpret them. It can signal that a threat is present, and trigger a fear response or anxiety. It appears that emotional memories stored in the central part of the amygdala may play a role in disorders involving very distinct fears, like phobias, while different parts may be involved in other forms of anxiety.

Hippocampus(hip-po-camp-us) The hippocampus is a part of the cerebrum, and thats the area of your brain that deals with memory. There are different kinds of memory, short-term and long term.

Short-term memory describes information that the brain has recently received. Long-term memory deals with things that have happened in the past and this section of the brain transfers this old information to make it presently short-term memory so you can remember it in the present.


Other research focuses on the hippocampus, another brain structure that is responsible for processing threatening or traumatic stimuli. The hippocampus plays a key role in the brain by helping to encode information into memories. Studies have shown that the hippocampus appears to be smaller in people who have undergone severe stress because of child abuse or military combat. This reduced size could help explain why individuals with PTSD have flashbacks, deficits in explicit memory, and fragmented memory for details of the traumatic event.

Also, research indicates that other brain parts called the basal ganglia and striatum are involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

By learning more about brain circuitry involved in fear and anxiety, scientists may be able to devise new and more specific treatments for anxiety disorders. For example, it someday may be possible to increase the influence of the thinking parts of the brain on the amygdala, thus placing the fear and anxiety response under conscious control. In addition, with new findings about neurogenesis (birth of new brain cells) throughout life, perhaps a method will be found to stimulate growth of new neurons in the hippocampus in people with PTSD.


The Hypothalamus (hi-poh-tha-luh-muss) sits right in the center of the brain. The hypothalamus is like the bodys thermometer. It knows what temperature your body should be and it sends messages to your brain so that your body knows when to sweat or shiver.

The brain sends messages throughout the body using nerves. Nerves are bundles of thin threads that carry messages throughout the body. The name of this network of nerves that travel throughout the body is, The Nervous System.Many of the messages are sent through a large bundle of nerves called the Spinal Cord which runs down your back inside of your spine.

Your ears, eyes and skin are even working for your brain, sending messages through the nervous system about whats going on outside your body.

The brain stem is beneath the cerebrum and in front of the cerebellum. The brain stem connects the rest of the brain to the spinal cord, which runs down your neck and back. The brain stem controls all the functions that are necessary for your body to stay alive, like breathing air, digesting food, and circulating blood. It's in charge of your involuntary muscles - the ones that work automatically, without you even thinking about it.

There are involuntary muscles in the heart and stomach, and it's the brain stem that tells the heart to pump more blood when you're exercising, or your stomach to start digesting your breakfast in the morning. (Remember, the cerebrum has control over the voluntary muscles. Controlling all of the body's muscles is too big a job for one brain part!) The brain stem is also responsible for sorting through the millions of messages that the brain and the rest of the body send back and forth.

The Cerebrum

the largest player on the brain's team is the cerebrum. It makes up 85% of the brain's weight. This part of the brain is responsible for thinking. The cerebrum allows you to solve problems, play games, dance, remember how to get to work, etc. This part of the brain distinguishes humans from animals as it is the "reasoning" center of the brain. The thinking part of most animals' brains is much smaller than humans.

With the cerebrum being made up of two halves with one on each side of the head, you have often heard people say that they are right brained or left brained when referring to this.

It is believed by some scientists that the right half of the cerebrum is responsible for thinking about abstract things - like music, colors or shapes. The left side is thought to be responsible for the more analytical thoughts for things such as math, logic and speech.

One thing for sure, the right half of the cerebrum controls the left half of the body and the left side of the cerebrum controls the right side of your body.


The cerebellum (say: ser-eh-bell-um) is located at the back of the brain, below the cerebrum. It is about 1/8 the size of the cerebrum. This part of the brain controls balance, movement, and coordination (how your muscles work together). Because of your cerebellum, you can stand upright, keep your balance, and move around.

The Pituitary Gland (pit-oo-it-tary)is a very small section of the brain, only the size of a pea. The pituitary gland produces and releases hormones into your body

Added October 30th, 2002.

This information is not intended to replace "traditional" mental health therapy. If you have questions or concerns about your physical and/or mental health ... contact your family physician and/or mental health professional in your area.